Browser Research

Web Browsers and The World Wide Web

The Internet is a global network connecting millions of computers. More than 190 countries are linked into exchanges of data, news and opinions, The World Wide Web, or simply Web, is a way of accessing information over the medium of the Internet. It is an information-sharing model that is built on top of the Internet.


There are several applications called Web browsers that make it easy to access the “WWW” such examples are, as follows;

Google Chrome

Google Chrome Material Icon-450x450.png

Google Chrome was released publicly on December 11, 2008, and as of December 2015 it is estimated that Google Chrome is used by 58% of the worldwide populace, it’s latest version(49.0.2) was released January 5, 2016.

It is also the most popular browser for smartphones, and combined across all platforms at about 45%.

Chrome has all the basic features of an internet browser, navigational buttons for going backwards, forwards and refreshing pages, a favourites or “bookmark” options to let users immediately go back to pages they’ve liked, uniquely it merged the address bar and search bar into a single “omnibox” which was later implemented into other browsers.

Google Chrome also synchronizes between systems, allowing people with a chrome mobile app to instantly access the things they have favorited  on their home browser.

Google Chrome’s has its own “Chrome Web Store”, Announced on December 7, 2010, this allows users to install web applications as extensions to the browser, most of these extensions function simply as links to popular web pages and/or games, but some of the apps like “Springpad” provide extra features like offline access.

Although Chrome is widely considered the best of all browsers, it does have faults, those who are familiar with older browsers, such as Internet Explorer, it had all of it’s options in and extra bar at the top saying “File, Edit, View, Favourites, Tools, Help”

While Google Chrome istelf has all these options hidden in a little tab at the far right, It’s the button with three bars next to the favorites star.

While a minor complaint, there are people who prefer the options laid out in front of them than having to navigate a sidebar, it takes time for people to adjust.

The Google Chrome spell checker also favours American-English, meaning that those that live in Europe will be frequently be told they have misspelled something despite the fact that their own dialect says it’s right, examples of these are “FavoUrite”and “AnalogUe”, as it’s been said by someone on the internet, America wants “U” out.

Google Chrome a unique feature whenever the internet is down, The webpage becomes a small but liked browser game in which you play a tiny dinosaur jumping over cacti and avoiding UFO.


Opera 2015 icon.svg

Opera is another web browser and is the fourth most popular web browser in the world but over 291 million users worldwide.

Version 2.0, in 1996 was the first public release of Opera, it did not support  JavaScript or Java, but this was on corrected following future versions, the latest Opera (36.0.2) was released on December 17, 2015

Opera has a unique “Turbo mode”which reduces the total amount of data sent to the user, by compressing requested web pages by up to 80%, depending upon content, it is particularly useful with slower Internet connections.

Opera was used as the default search engine on the Nintendo Wii and Nintendo DS Browser, though the two have since been discontinued.

Opera also  has “Speed Dial”, which allows the user to add an unlimited number of pages shown in thumbnail form in a page displayed when a new tab is opened. Speed Dial allows the user to more easily navigate to the selected web pages.

According to users online, Opera is not totally compatible with a few websites. It appears to have problems with a few Web 2.0 sites such as Netflix and others like it.

It does also not nearly as many add-ons as others do.


Mozilla Firefox logo 2013.svg

Firefox was created in 2002, under the name “Phoenix”

Logo of “Phoenix” and “Firebird” before being renamed as Firefox

Firefox as a Web Browser is the second most popular in the world behind Chrome with more than half a billion people using it worldwide.

The First version of Firefox(1,0) was released on November 9, 2004 while the latest (43.0.4) was released on January 6, 2016.

Firefox can have themes added to it, so users can experience the bowser in a more personal way. There are websites where users can create and download personalized themes, with their choice of colors and images. This can make the experience of using Firefox more unique and fun compared to other web browsers that do not offer custom-built themes.

The regular Firefox  compared to one with a theme, though they can get much more interesting and complex

Firefox takes a lot of memory to run. Even with an up-to-date computer, some users may find that it becomes hard to run the browser when several other programs are open. The software also tends to freeze and close when too many tabs are open simultaneously,  Another disadvantage is that downloads cannot be resumed if they are interrupted.


Google Analysis

Screenshot of google

1- Tabs – A basic function of any browser, it allows you to do more things at once so you can listen to music while you search while also keeping up with social needs

2 – Search Bar – The Basic of Basics, The allows you to search the internet just by typing anything in, google chrome was the first browser to combine the search bar and the URL bar into a single entity, other browser followed soon after

3 – Navigational Buttons – Another Basic function, it allows users to go back and forth between pages they’ve been too, their history, and much like a timeline if you branch off and click a new link in your past then you will have a different future, meaning you can’t go back forward to the things you clicked before that new link you clicked.

4 – Refresh Button – Should a page not properly load then this simple button allows you to reload the page

5 -Favourites – The Simple Star shaped button allows you to favourtie any page of your liking allowing you to return to it at any point in the future

6 – The About Pages -These pages give detailed descriptions about Google’s personal view on how to treat it’s users along with helping with ads and locations for upcoming businesses, you can also learn the terms and conditions, the privacy setting and change the search engine’s setting in the three tabs opposite the three boxed, you’re also allowed to send Feedback to google from the settings option.

7 – Extras

Probably the most important feature of google chrome, this is where people cacess their browsing history, settings, cookies and saved passwords

From the settings you can delete your history, manage extensions and even search for certain words in the page you are currently on.

Cookies are bytes of data that your computer stores with every site you visit yes even those sites,your computer is watching unless you’re in incognito mode, a special tab option that doesn’t save your site viewing history.

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8 – Sign In The most advanced of feature for Google Chrome, having an account means you can save your browsing data across devices, tabs you had opened up on your Ipad can be opened up on your laptop later, something you’ve favourited on your iphone will be in your favourites across all devices, a very useful functionality indeed.


What is HTML?


Html is an acronym for HyperText Markup Language and it is the standard markup language used to create web pages, HTML is a set of symbols and codes in files used for  display on website pages, the main purpose of this program is to tell browsers what to do and what to display on screen.

HTML can use script written in JavaScript to affect the behavior of its web pages as well as use CSS to define its look and layout.

These three programs are  essential technologies of the World Wide Web

The first HTML that was publicly released was 2.0 in November 24, 1995

A eXtension of HTML, thus the name, more flexible than the standard HTML but when it comes to coding the program demands perfection to work properly.


Like HTML, but by being a combination of HTML, CSS and JavaScript it is more Dynamic, this makes it an excellent choice for those who want to make animated websites.

Microsoft included DHTML with the release of Internet Explorer 4 in 1997

It allows users to add effects to their pages that are otherwise difficult to achieve and is mainly used for animated websites.



Cascading Style Sheets are used for stylising and format text ,for example, changing it’s colour, bolding, underling, italics.

It’s also used separate the coding and format of various sites, although some versions are only supported by certain browsers, it is a great editing tool, allowing one to change a websites font, images background colour colour and plenty of others in a single document, websites who do not support CSS can not do most of these things.


Flash Video is a container file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player version 6 and newer.

Flash is used to create animation, online and app games for both websites and mobile devices, with “Flash Player” people can watch videos on websites too, though in recent years it has begun to see less and less use ad companies such as Apple have stopped using Flash Player in favour if it’s own flash player.

For multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript, on older web browsers flash needed “SFW or “Shockwave Flash Movie” and or “Small Web Format”



File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer computer files between a client and server on a computer network, FTP is an efficient and fast way to share bulks of data. Users can choose what form the data is shared in.

The original was written by Abhay Bhushan and published on 16 April 1971

Website Designs The Good and The Bad

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This is an example of a poorly designed website, a rainbow isn’t bad but making the entire page out of one is awful in many ways, it’s distracting you don’t know where you’re supposed to be looking this along with a poorly Photoshop-ed child and a background made in word art makes this website very hard to look at, There doesn’t appear to be any navigation tabs to help you find out more.


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This website has a lovely design and aesthetic to it, nice colours with out being too bright,  Words not too big but big enough for you to read at a glance with pictures to company them.

There are lovely navigational pictures to help you understand what the website is about and you don’t even have to scroll down to see them as there are tabs at the top